Easily Diesel Truck Engine Cleaning Tips

Traditionally, we have heard and believed it is not necessary to clean up a diesel truck engine. But with time, there has been an increase in the knowledge of diesel engines and how to take care of them. Cleaning the diesel engine has been one of the tips many diesel owners are implementing. When you do not take care of your diesel engine, it can lead to costly repairs and replacement of parts that you can avoid. 

Some modern diesel engines come with a comprehensive guide on how you can clean them. However, if you need that knowledge, this guide will give it to you. After reading the guide, you will understand how to clean up your diesel engine.

How To Clean a Diesel Truck Engine

Cleaning a diesel engine is similar to cleaning a petrol engine and is not very complex. You can do it at home. Here are the steps you can consider following when cleaning your engine. 

  1. Remove all the debris on the surface of the engine, including those clinging to the grill and the hood. The debris is of varied sizes. Some you can remove by pulling as some you will need to wipe out using a brush.
  2. After removing all the visible debris, turn on your engine and let it warm for 10 minutes. Doing this will melt and loosen the oil on the surface of the engine.
  3. The engine is composed of very delicate parts that water can destroy. Consider protecting components such as the alternator, air intake, sensors, and power steering filler. You can cover them using plastic bags and rubber bands. You can check your owner’s manual if you need to know where these items are.
  4. Spray the degreaser on the surface of the engine, in the grill, and under the hood. For safety, spray it from the bottom, so it does not spill on you. Let the engine relax for five minutes before taking any action.
  5. After five minutes, gently scrub your engine, grill, and hood using a brush with a long handle. When doing this, focus on the areas that hide a lot of dirt and are hard to reach.
  6. When cleaning your engine, never use a low-pressure spray, but use water and gently flow it from the hose. High-pressure spray can make water access the delicate parts of the engine. 
  7. After rinsing your engine, let it dry. You can let the engine heat to dry faster, but for a cleaner and spotless dry, you can use a cotton cloth to dry your engine by hand. 

Engine Cleaning Tips

When cleaning your diesel engine, avoid using the common household degreaser as the basic ingredients used in their manufacture can damage the aluminum and the high-strength steel within the engine. The hydrogen component of household degreasers can interfere with the electrical connection of the engine. It is, therefore, essential to buy products made for engine care.

Conclusion

Dirt accumulation can damage the engine with time. It is, therefore, essential to clean your diesel engine regularly, especially at the end and the beginning of every season. 

When To Replace Truck Glow Plugs

Diesel truck engines depend on compression to initiate combustion within the cylinders. Heating is necessary within the cylinder for the compression to cause ignition. The sources of heat within the combustion chamber are the glow plugs. Shared in this guide is how and when you need to replace truck glow plugs.

What Are Glow Plugs?

The ignition system of a diesel engine has various parts, and the glow plugs are some of the essential heating elements of the ignition system. The glow plugs are inside each cylinder and rely on the battery to power up. The heat generated by the glow plug ignites the diesel fuel when the engine starts.

The Right Time to Replace the Glow Plugs

Understanding some signs of failing glow plugs is essential to avoid more damage to the ignition system.

If your glow plug is not functional, the combustion chamber will not receive the heat necessary to initiate the combustion. There are some common signs of failing glow plugs.

Emission of A lot of Smoke

When your glow plugs are faulty, your truck will emit a lot of smoke. If the smoke is white, there is no adequate heat to burn up the fuel in the combustion chamber. The unburnt fuel will come out of the engine as white smoke producing a rich fuel smell.

When the glow plug is faulty, it will tamper with the sensitive diesel combustion, producing black smoke.

Increased Fuel Consumption

Usually, the diesel consumption depends on the temperatures, but sometimes the glow plug plays a role. Diesel is blended with additives to lower its freezing point when it is freezing. The blended diesel will need more heat to burn, and the glow plug supplies heat for the combustion to take place. 

If the glow plug is faulty, it will not provide the additional heat to initiate combustion. And this weakens the engine’s performance as fuel consumption increases.

Engine Misfire

A high rate of compression is necessary for combustion to take place in the diesel engine. Fuel and air must be injected correctly and in the required quantity. When the glow plug is faulty, it might not be able to heat up the fuel and air mixture in the combustion chamber, and your engine will misfire.

Hard Starting

Another common indicator of a faulty glow plug is hard starting. When it is cold and the glow plug is faulty, the combustion chamber may fail to reach the right temperature to initiate the combustion, making it hard to start the engine. If you experience such, and the battery and fuel are okay, consider checking the glow plug.

Rough Idling

If any glow plugs are faulty, your truck will experience rough idling and produce white smoke. When you realize there is a problem with how your truck is idling, consider checking the condition of the glow plugs.

Conclusion

The glow plugs are vital in initiating the combustion within the diesel engine. It is an integral part that will likely halt the way your truck functions if faulty. If your truck shows any of the above signs, attribute them to faulty or bad glow plugs. Consider taking your truck for a mechanical check-up and replacing them if necessary.

Easily Choose Between Diesel and Petrol Trucks

The primary role of an engine is converting chemical energy into mechanical energy. The process involves a chain of small explosions that occurs differently depending on the engine type. Trucks generally have either diesel and petrol engines. 

In a petrol engine, the fuel mixes with the air then the pistons compress the mixture as the spark plugs spark it. On the other hand, in the diesel engine, the air gets in first and heats as compression occurs, then the diesel is introduced into the combustion chamber.

Here is an in-depth comparison between diesel and petrol trucks that will aid you in making a decision on which to buy.

Difference Between Diesel And Petrol Trucks

What really differentiates diesel and petrol engines? You will learn how these two trucks differ in cost, towing, fuel economy, maintenance cost, lifespan, and resale value.

Cost

When shopping, a diesel truck’s price is relatively higher than the petrol counterpart. If you need a truck for basic use, it is better to check the price and go for petrol-powered trucks instead of diesel-powered ones. But, if you put other factors into consideration and have the money, consider buying a diesel-powered truck.

Towing Capability

Diesel trucks produce more torque than petrol trucks. Their higher torque gives them an upper hand when it comes to towing. Consider buying a diesel truck if you want a truck mainly for towing heavy loads.

Fuel Economy

Diesel engines are generally 35% more fuel efficient than petrol engines. Diesel has more energy making it efficient under normal circumstances. When towing, diesel engines suffer a drop in MPGs, but not as petrol engines. 

Maintenance Cost

The cost of maintaining a diesel engine is relatively high compared to a petrol engine. Although if properly maintained, diesel engines last longer. The cost of maintaining an item of a diesel engine might be twice more than that of a petrol engine. 

Modern diesel trucks have a complex exhaust system that ensures their emissions are environmentally friendly. If the diesel exhaust fuel malfunctions, the owners usually part with thousands of dollars to fix the faulty DEF.

Life Span

The building of diesel engines gives them an extended lifespan. Diesel engines are heavier and sturdier to get the work done. It does not matter which type of engine you choose. Performing regular maintenance gives your truck the longer lifespan you deserve.

Resale Value

As soon as you start driving your brand-new truck from the dealership, it depreciates. Trucks are not the best investment scheme because they depreciate very fast. But, a diesel truck’s resale value is relatively high compared to the petrol counterpart.

Conclusion

Choosing the best truck solely depends on your needs. If you need a truck for towing, a diesel engine will give you power and reliability and serve you for many years. But if you do little towing and want to own your truck for many years, depreciation will not bother you. In this case, buying a petrol-powered truck is the best deal.

No truck can fit all your needs because truck owners use them differently. It is necessary to know why you want a truck and make the right decision when buying a truck

Diesel Truck Odors And What They Mean

Truck problems usually appear in various signs, such as reduced performance and increased fuel consumption. Apart from this, there are several signs that your truck will show. Never take for granted the odors that come from your truck. Some of the odors result from food spillage or dirt.

Sometimes, strange smells can persist even after detailing your truck. The odor might signal a serious issue worth paying attention to. Here are some common odors and what they mean if you feel them in your truck.

Moldy Smells

Mold can form in your truck. Mostly the moldy smell comes out after turning on the AC or the heating system of your truck. The odor signals the presence of mold in the air system. In such an instance, you need to consult a professional mechanic to clean and remove mold from the air system.

Rotten Eggs

The smell of rotten eggs annoys and makes the cabin an uncomfortable place to be. You will start feeling the odor as soon as you start your engine. It is an indication that your catalytic converter is faulty. 

The catalytic converter neutralizes all harmful gases before the exhaust pipe emits them into the environment. Engine or exhaust system problems are common causes of overhitting catalytic converters. As the catalytic converter is overheating or faulty, you will feel the rotten eggs smell.

Burning Smell

There are three categories of burning smells you should know. 

Burning Toast – such a smell signals an overheating insulation or short circuit. The smell indicates a problem with the electrical system of your truck.

Burning Paper – sometimes, you might experience the smell of burning paper when driving your truck. If you feel this smell when changing your gears, the clutch could be burning, and friction produces the smell of burning paper.

Burning Rubber – Rubber is the primary raw material in the manufacture of tires, and when they wear out, they will produce this smell. Apart from tires, the pulleys have rubber belts that might be rubbing against the pulleys or slipping. When this happens, you will feel the smell of burning Rubber.

Gas Fumes

When you fill-up the gas tank of your truck, it is normal to feel the smell of gas fumes in the cabin of your truck. But the smell gradually. Reduces as your truck burns fuel. But if the smell is not decreasing, but you feel it, something might be wrong with your truck. The diesel might be leaking, and in such a situation, you need to check the fuel tank it might be leaking diesel. 

Check if the fuel line has cracks that might leak fuel. Check the condition of your fuel injectors that might spill fuel in the engine.

Conclusion

Truck odors are unbearable and can make your trip very dull. Sometimes the odors might be normal, but if it persists and is weird, you must take your truck for a professional check-up to troubleshoot the issue. The above are some common causes of the odor within your truck.

How To Boost Diesel Trucks Horsepower & Performance

Generally, diesel trucks are known to be robust and can easily handle any work. Diesel trucks typically have higher torque than their petrol counterparts, although they might be slow on the road. But this is not the case since the current diesel trucks are mighty fast. The faster nature of diesel engines results from manufacturers’ improvements, such as the fitting of the turbo.

If you need more horsepower, you need to upgrade the performance of diesel trucks. Truck performance mainly dwells in the engine. The engine’s essential ingredients for power production are diesel and air. Providing a conducive environment for the combustion of diesel and fuel will boost your diesel truck’s horsepower and performance. Here are some tips to increase the performance and horsepower of your truck.

Modifications of Air Intake and Exhaust System

When you upgrade and modify the air intake system, more fuel-oxygen mixture will burn in the engine, increasing the horsepower. When the air intake pipe is modified and is bigger, more cool air will rush into the engine. More cool air has more oxygen, and therefore, the compression improves.

The engine will produce more exhaust fumes when more air is drawn in. Therefore, consider installing a bigger exhaust system when installing a bigger air intake system. A bigger exhaust system also helps draw out the engine’s excess heat.

Upgrading the air intake and the exhaust system helps minimize the pressure within the engine and enables your truck to produce a fascinating throaty sound. 

Upgrade the Diesel Fuel System 

After increasing and improving the airflow and the exhaust system, more air will get into the combustion chamber. You will need to increase the fuel getting into the combustion chamber. To do this, you must upgrade the fuel pump and the injectors.

The injectors that most trucks come with are meant to reduce fuel consumption. To increase horsepower and performance, you must install aftermarket high-flow fuel injectors. For improved performance, you will need to upgrade the fuel pump that can make it cope with the high fuel demand.

Upgrading your diesel fuel system will let more fuel into the combustion chamber, thereby increasing horsepower and performance.

Modifying the ECM System

The Engine Control Module controls everything in your truck, including diesel consumption. Modifying the ECM will change how diesel trucks manage the engine and the transmission system.

Modifying the ECM will mainly adjust the pressure and timing, increasing the horsepower and compression ratio and improving your transmission system.

You can Tune, remap and chip the ECM, although this is a sensitive operation that requires a specialized mechanic. It is necessary to take diesel trucks to a pro for this modification. If not, you will fail the emission test.

Conclusion

Diesel truck from the factory comes with features that increase the fuel economy. If you want to get maximum from your diesel truck, consider doing away with the factory air intake and exhaust system, modifying the ECM, and upgrading the fuel system. Install relatively bigger aftermarket parts that will reduce fuel economy but give your truck the maximum power. 

Avoiding Truck Repair Scam Services

Throughout the ownership of your truck, at least you have some terrible experiences you can never forget, especially at the service center, when you receive poor repair services. Truck repair scams are common, especially for first-time truck owners. As a truck owner, you can avoid such scams. First, you must know these scams and what to do when encountering them. In this guide, you will understand the common truck repair scams and how to avoid them.

Truck Repair Scam 1 – “Other” Service Repair

Sometimes your mechanic can tell you they are taking your truck to a different service center for a further check-up. Sometimes, your mechanic might be genuine or just drive your truck to the local spare parts market.

You need to know the address of the alleged service repair. You also need to get the contact details and call to clarify if your truck is there. 

If your truck has a tracker, you are way better as you will be able to know its location from your device.

Truck Repair Scam 2 – Unknown Repairs

Mechanics usually inflate the bill by including repairs or diagnostics that don’t exist. On most occasions, they may add a G-scan or other replacements they did not do.

Avoiding it

As soon as your mechanic is through with servicing your car and you receive the bill, take time to scrutinize the statement. If there is any repair you need help understanding, ask for clarifications from your mechanic. Ask why they did that repair, and if it involves fixing a new part, ensure you see both the new and old parts. 

If your mechanic fails to show you the new and the old parts or avoids the question, conclude that it is a repair your truck didn’t receive.

Truck Repair Scam 3 – Additional Problems

Additional problems is a common term that mechanics use to scam truck owners. When you almost pay the service bill, you will hear of the additional problems and expensive repair costs. Mostly, the additional problems are unnecessary replacements that mechanics do without your consent. 

Avoiding it

Before leaving your truck for repairs,  ensure your mechanic notes down the parts that need repairs and the approximate cost. Remind your mechanic only to perform repairs to the parts noted. 

If they get more problems, they should keep in touch before making any repairs. Doing this will enable you to stay in control of unexpected repairs to avoid having huge bills.

Truck Repair Scam 4 – Repeated Repairs

Repeated repairs without finding the root cause of the problem are some of the ways mechanics use to scam truck owners.

Avoiding It

Never allow your mechanic to take you into this. When you hear such reasoning, get a second opinion. 

Conclusion

Mechanics are good people who bring your truck to life, but not all are good. Dishonest ones will always inflate your service bill whenever you take your truck for routine service. Talking to your mechanic will tell you whether they are genuine or tricking you. The discussed are some common tricks dishonest mechanics use to scam truck owners.

Reasons To Love Diesel Truck Engines

In the market, there are either diesel truck engines or petrol-powered ones. When buying, you can choose either petrol or diesel-powered engines. Sometimes deciding on the one to choose may be difficult because you will hear those owning petrol-powered engines praise their trucks equally to those owning diesel-powered engines.

In this guide, the focus will be on diesel trucks. After reading it, you can decide which truck to choose based on what you want your truck to do for you. Here are some of the reasons why you should love diesel truck engines

The Torque

Diesel trucks usually have a higher torque as compared to their petrol counterparts. The high torque is attributed to the high compression ratio. The compression ratio is between the cylinders’ minimum and maximum volume. In diesel trucks, the cylinders are larger due to longer strokes. The pistons move up and down at a larger interval volume in each cylinder. 

Torque is the measure of the force that makes an object rotate on an axis. The above-explained process enables diesel trucks to burn fuel to generate more torque transmitted to the driveshaft. Diesel trucks can tow heavy loads and economize fuel consumption.

Efficiency

Diesel trucks are fuel efficient because of the thicker density of diesel fuel, high compression ratio, and low rpm performance. The thicker density allows diesel trucks to produce more power by consuming less fuel. Diesel trucks are, therefore, efficient and economical when it comes to fuel consumption as compared to petrol trucks.

Long Life

Diesel engines are usually big, which is why they last longer. They have higher compression ratios and higher cylinder pressure. For this reason, they have large crankshafts and camshafts that need larger bearings with big sturdy rod bolts. 

The large crankshaft and camshafts offer increased clearance for better oil flow. Better oil flow in the engine enhances engine lubrication resulting in reduced engine wear. Better engine lubrication increases the lifespan of the engine.

The absence of a spark plug, the existence of a piston cooling jet, and the gear-driven design are some of the unique modifications that give diesel truck engines a long life span.

Gas Economy

Diesel trucks are the best when it comes to gas mileage. Gas economy is better in bigger and heavy-duty trucks. A truck with diesel engines gets 25-30% better fuel economy, making diesel pick-up trucks more cost-effective. 

The fuel economy is due to the fact diesel fuel is denser than petrol fuel. Therefore the rate at which it burns is relatively slower than petrol. For this reason, diesel trucks will consume less after running for a long time than petrol trucks. 

Conclusion

There are a lot of reasons to fall in love with diesel trucks. They are powerful and can endure any task. The feeling of driving a diesel truck is entirely different from petrol trucks due to the big nature of the engine. Diesel trucks are generally pocket friendly when it comes to servicing. You only need to stick to your routine service and replace worn-out parts. 

Causes of Blue Smoke From the Exhaust of a Truck

The exhaust gases can tell you a lot about the condition of your truck. But what are the causes of blue smoke from the exhaust of the truck? When everything is working in perfect condition, your truck will emit a thin white smoke or very light smoke accompanied by water vapor. If you see blue smoke from your truck exhaust, something is wrong, and you should fix it immediately.

What are some of the Causes of Blue Smoke from the Exhaust?

Various reasons can lead to the emission of blue smoke from your truck. This guide will help you understand the common cause such as oil problems, turbochargers, or PCV valves.

Presence of Oil in the Combustion Chamber

The combustion chamber is composed of pistons, cylinders, and valves. The primary role of oil in the engine is to lubricate the moving parts. Pistons move in the cylinders, so they must be lubricated. The pistons have piston rings that ensure that oil does leak into the combustion chamber.

If the piston rings wear out, the oil will leak into the combustion chamber. It will mix with fuel and air. When this mixture burns, it produces blue smoke. A cracked valve seal also leads to oil mixing with fuel and air in the combustion chamber.

Faulty Turbocharger

If your truck has a turbocharger that has blown out, you will see blue smoke from the exhaust. It can also result from a leaking oil seal. Oil will seep into the engine, and if this happens, it will mix with fuel, producing blue smoke from the exhaust system.

Faulty Piston Rings

The pistons’ rings keep oil in the combustion chamber at its right position. Oil is not supposed to move into the combustion chamber. Oil will find itself in the combustion chamber when the piston rings are damaged or faulty.

As air, fuel, and oil mix, you will see blue smoke from the exhaust of your truck. Unfortunately, it is pretty costly to replace the piston rings.

Dripping Oil

When something is wrong with your truck, and hot oil starts to drip from the engine, there is a high chance this oil will come into contact with the hot areas of the engine. When this happens, you will see blue smoke as you accelerate. The blue smoke will result from oil hitting up the engine block. Such does not come from the exhaust, but it will look like it is.

Suppose oil drops from a blown gasket in the engine block. It will make its way into the hot exhaust, which will produce blue smoke.

Faulty PCV Valve

The positive crankcase ventilation does the role of releasing pressure that accumulates in the oil pan. The released pressure goes to the intake manifold for the fumes to be re-burned. When the PCV is stuck, the oil will mix with air and other gases. The intake manifold is connected to the air filter, which produces blue smoke.

Conclusion

The production of blue smoke is common, especially when part of your truck’s engine starts to wear out. When you see blue smoke from the exhaust of your truck, these are some of the common causes that you should pay attention to when doing maintenance

Basic Diesel Truck Maintenance And Repair Tips

Every truck owner dreams of giving their trucks a long life span of service by taking care of them and there is no better way than getting truck maintenance. Owning a diesel truck is one of the best things to happen to you. Some of the most powerful trucks are powered by diesel engines. Most diesel engines need less maintenance as compared to petrol engines. But this does not mean that servicing them is a walk in the park. Some things have to be put in place to ease the maintenance of your diesel truck.

Here are some critical diesel truck maintenance tips to keep your running smoothly.

Regular Cleaning

While using your truck, you run over all sorts of dirt, and some get into the engine. Therefore, cleaning your engine is essential and this will ensure that it serves you happily. Accumulating dirt particles in various parts of your truck can damage it. Ensure you use clean fuel to give your engine good health and smooth operations. Diesel engines are sensitive to fuel with high sulfur concentrations and can lead to expensive repairs.

Always Check the Levels of Fluids

The most important maintenance tip you should have at the figure tips is checking the fluids. Trucks use various fluids such as transmission, brake, oil, diesel, water, and engine coolant. Sometimes the engine coolant might be acidic and corrode other parts of your engine. It is essential to do a regular check on the acidity of the coolant.

Having enough coolant and oil is essential to prevent your engine from overheating. Also, check the level of other liquids and top them up when they are low.

Change the Filters

Filters are an essential part of a diesel truck that plays a vital role in your truck’s performance. It is necessary to change the filters after covering 20,000km. Modern diesel trucks have two fuel filters. During routine service, ensure all these filters are changed.

Air filters should also be checked and replaced at the appropriate time. The fuel and oil filters play the role of trapping all the impurities in the fuel and air. They thus ensure the engine receives clean fuel and air.

Change Oil

Oil changing is another tip that will leave your engine running smoothly. Diesel engines always experience harder driving and towing, which wears out oil very fast. You will need to change the oil at 8000 km as part of the regular truck maintenance. If your truck has been driven for a long, consider changing the oil whenever you change the filters. Ensure you use the right oil for your truck, and in case you need to know, you must check the user guide.

Check on the Smoke

Exhaust smoke is essential when you want to diagnose the health of your engine. Checking the exhaust system enables you to catch early developing problems. If you note the emission of strange fume, consult your mechanic, or even if a strange sound comes from the exhaust system.

Conclusion

Diesel trucks are mighty and reliable. But, for them to give you the service you deserve, you have to perform the basic truck maintenance as laid down in this guide.

Signs of Bad Engine Control Module In A Truck

Your truck will show various symptoms when your engine control module is faulty or bad. After reading this guide, you can tell whether you have a bad engine control module and what to do. The Engine Control Module has various names, such as the Engine Control Unit (ECU). It is a vital part that sends a message to the motor to ensure they operate smoothly. 

The ECM controls several operations of your truck, and when it malfunctions, your truck will have various performance issues

What are The Signs of a Bad Engine Control Module?

When the Engine Control Module starts or malfunctions, your truck will exhibit signs that are discussed below.

The Appearance of the Engine Check Light

All modern trucks have an engine check light on the dashboard. The role of the engine check light is to communicate to you that there is a problem in the engine that you should address. The light can show as a result of various issues with the engine, and a faulty ECM is one of them.

If a sensor, circuit, or any electronic component of the Engine Control Module becomes faulty, it will turn on the engine check light. 

Your Engine will Start Misfiring or Even Stall

Your engine will receive a message when the ECM starts to become faulty, and this will create an imbalance. You will experience misfiring. If it is extreme, your truck can even stall. However, the engine stall or misfiring will be erotic, sometimes your engine will run perfectly, but sometimes it becomes challenging to control. 

The Engine Performance Issues

The problem of engine performance can be linked to a faulty ECM. When the module is faulty, there will be an imbalance in your engine’s fuel-air ratio or even the timing settings. In such a situation, the performance of your engine will reduce, especially when you try to press the gas pedal. When you experience acceleration issues, link it to ECM.

Reduced Fuel Economy

When the ECM of your truck is faulty, it will be difficult for your truck to regulate the fuel intake, and your truck will start to burn more fuel. 

If you are always keen on fuel economy, you will realize this problem as soon as it starts. But spending more time at the gas pump is a clear sign that your fuel economy has reduced.

Your Truck May Fail to Start

When your ECM dies, your truck will not start because the engine management will not function, and the truck will not know what to do. You will hear your truck cranking from little or no fuel and air injected into the combustion chamber. However, if your truck does not start, it does not mean that the ECM is faulty. Other common causes are a dead battery, a faulty fuel system, or a problem with the ignition system.

Conclusion

The Engine Control Module controls all the processes that take place in your engine. When it becomes faulty, various parts of your engine will either stop or not function properly. The signs in this guide are common, and you will experience them once your ECM becomes faulty. 

Warning Signs Your Truck Need Maintenance And Repairs

Trucks are known to be heavy-duty vehicles with higher torque. As they serve you with time, they develop issues you should always pay attention to. You can avoid such issues at an earlier stage because the truck need maintenance and minor repairs, but if left, they escalate into major problems that become expensive to repair.

If you own a diesel truck, you must know some early warning signs that the truck need maintenance. Ignoring such signs leads to significant and expensive repairs. Here are some warning signs that your truck requires maintenance and repairs.

When the Engine Becomes Hard to Start

Diesel engines usually depend on compression to start. If your mechanic sees a problem with the system, they will usually test to see whether the problem is with the cylinder head or something like a dirty oil filter. Dirty air or oil filters interfere with the fuel and air feeding into the combustion chamber, and therefore you will experience hard starting problems.

When the Turbo Charger Starts to Fail

Turbochargers boost the engine’s power by delivering more compressed air into the combustion chamber. When your turbo is faulty, black smoke will usually come from your truck’s exhaust pipe. And also, the consumption of gas will either increase or decrease significantly. If this happens, it is necessary to take your truck for a check-up.

Blue Smoke From the Engine

Blue smoke is a clear indication that something is fishy in your engine. Usually, oil leaks into the combustion chamber, and worn-out cylinders are some of the common causes of this. When blue smoke is assumed, it can escalate into serious issues that might lead to an engine overhaul. The moment you note that the smoke from your truck has changed its color, consider taking it for a mechanical check-up as soon as possible.

Leakages of Engine Oil and Cooling System

If your engine oil starts to leak, it might end up in the cooling system and damage the radiator and another part of the engine. This could be sign that the truck need maintenance and repairs. Note that your engine oil is leaking, you will see abnormal smoke from the exhaust system, and oil stains will always be under your truck.

The cooling system is composed of liquids, which play the active role of cooling and maintaining the engine’s temperature. When they leak, the system might not function effectively, which can lead to engine overheating. Leakages of oil and liquid indicate that you should take your truck for routine service.

Overheating

It is normal for the engine to heat due to friction of the moving parts and combustion. When you start driving your truck and realize it is overheating, it is essential to park by the road and turn off your engine immediately. Too much heat can damage the radiator, plastic pipes, and other vital engine parts. Overheating is an indication that your truck need maintenance.

Conclusion On Signs Your Truck Need Maintenance

Routine servicing is one of the basic maintenance tips every truck owner should consider doing. Every truck manufacturer indicates in their guide the best time for doing routine services such as oil changes, filter changes, and general engine checks. The above are some of the signs that if you see from your truck, consider taking it for service maintenance.

Preparing Your Diesel Truck For Winter

The hot temperatures are coming to an end, and winter is just starting.  If you have a diesel truck, it should serve you anytime, despite the seasonal change.  For your truck to give you better and exemplary services during winter, there is no shortcut, but you must prepare it.  Remember basic preparations such as checking the health of your battery, changing oil, adding anti-gel fuel additive to the tank, and many more.  As soon as you finish reading this guide, you will know all the preparations you need to perform for your truck as the cold weather approaches.

Check Your Batteries

The lifespan of a standard battery is between two to five years. After using your truck during summer, when liquid evaporation and corrosion are common, the cold winter kills the battery that has been weakened during summer very fast.  It is, therefore, necessary to check the health of your battery as soon as the season starts to change.

A multimeter is an essential gadget to check your battery’s health.  To use it, ensure your engine is off and connect it to the leads of your battery.  A healthy battery usually reads 12.6 voltage or more when the engine is running.  But if the multimeter readings are below 10 volts, your battery is in a critical condition, and you should change it.

Change the Fuel Filters

Most freezing in diesel trucks occurs around the fuel filters.  A very minimal amount of diesel remains in your filter when your diesel stays overnight.  Installing a new fuel filter is not an assurance that you won’t have gelling issues, but doing this will give you a fresh start.  Changing the fuel filter before winter saves you from doing the job during the cold weather.  Also, you must keep an extra fuel filter in your truck.

Use Anti-Gel Fuel Additive in Winter

Even diesel fuel blended to work better during winter can reach its limits and start to gel up when it is freezing.  There are always no standard temperatures that diesel fuel begins to gel due to the difference in the diesel quality and the degree of exposure of various trucks.  For this reason, you must use a fuel additive during winter; the best is all season or the one designed for winter.  Such additives prevent diesel from gelling up in the fuel tank.

Test the Condition of Your Block Heater

During extreme winter, block heaters are usually life savers.  The bad news is that most diesel truck owners never realize that their block heater needs to be functional.  It is easy to test if your block heater is functional.

You need to clean the prong plugs, use a multimeter set in ohms, and attach it to the plugs of the prongs.  A working block heater will read between 9 to 25 ohms.  When it is faulty, it will give readings below 9 ohms.

Conclusion

Winter weather usually freezes everything and might end up freezing your truck, so preparing your truck for winter is essential.  It is also necessary to do tire changes in preparation for winter.  Fix winter tires for better traction. 

Rod Knock – Top Symptoms & Causes Rod Knocking in A Truck

What is a rod knock in an engine? If you are a newbie and just getting to know some mechanical things with trucks, or vehicles in general, then this guide is for you. Nobody wishes to hear rod knock from their engines because it results in costly repairs. As you read this guide, you will know its causes and tell when your engine suffers a rod knock.

What is Rod Knock?

Rod knock is a deep sound from your truck’s engine. It results from worn-out rod-bearing. The truck’s connecting rod bearing has more clearing that causes additional movement. When your pistons change their direction, the metals start to heat, resulting in the knocking nose.

Causes of Rod Knock

Worn-out connection rods are the most common cause of rod knock. Here are some other causes of rod knock that you should know.

Worn-out Bearings

The up-and-down motion of the pistons enables the crankshaft to rotate and sends power to the wheels. The bearings ensure that the pistons move in a smooth and controlled manner. However, as time goes by, the bearing starts to wear out, and when this happens, the piston rods will rattle against the crankshaft. You will hear a rod-knocking sound.

Poor Timing 

Poor timing is another reason for the rod knock in the engine. Timing is the period when the computer controls the spark plug to fire. The spark plug is unable to fire at the required time when timing is off, leading to a series of detonations within the cylinders. If this happens, you will hear the detonation knock.

Lean Fuel Air Mixture

You will hear the rod knock when there is a lean fuel-air mixture that is usually caused by defective oxygen sensors, failing fuel injectors, and faulty fuel pumps. You will experience a lean mixture when there is less fuel and too much air in the combustion chamber, which will interfere with the proper combustion.

Faulty Knock Sensor

You will hear the detonation knock when the knock sensors malfunction. This occurs on rare occasions on newer trucks because the fuel-air ratio, fuel injectors, and timing are all computer controlled.

The knock sensor will always detect any issue and signals the ECU, and corrective action is taken immediately.

Symptoms of Rod Knock

There are two main symptoms of rod knock you should know.

Knocking Sounds

The production of a knocking sound is the primary symptom of rod knock. You will hear a loud sound when you start your truck. The sound will be louder as you press the gas pedal.

Low Oil Pressure

Your oil pressure will reduce as soon as the bearings between the piston rods and the crankshaft fail. You will notice this when you are starting your truck.

The check engine oil light will appear on the dashboard, which will notify you that the oil pressure is low. When this light appears and disappears, it strongly indicates that the bearings are completely worn out, and you should consider replacing them before the worst happens.

Conclusion

Rod knock sound is a serious sign you should never ignore when you hear it from your truck. The above are some of the causes and symptoms worth knowing and should help you better maintain the vehicle.

Benefits of Timely Brake Repair Tips For Your Truck

Do you know the importance of timely brake repair and maintenance? Brakes are an essential part of every truck, which enables you to control your truck while on the motion. You should ensure the brakes are functional before starting your engine.

Brakes are some of the critical parts you must service when maintaining your truck. If your brakes are faulty, your life and other road users will be at risk. For this reason, it is essential to be alert and note when your brakes need a repair service. You will enjoy some of the below benefits when you perform a timely brake repair for your truck.

Gives Your Truck a Long-Life Span

The overall life span of your truck increases when you repair your brakes in time. It is the brakes that control your truck. When they are faulty, the chances that your truck will hit the road potholes and bumps are high. Other parts, such as the shocks, will be damaged when this happens. All these reduce the lifespan of your truck.

You will have Peace of Mind

If you repair your brakes in time, you will be confident and have peace of mind knowing that you and your passengers are safe. You can comfortably take full control of your truck when in motion. You will be sure of reduced braking distance since the brakes will engage as soon as you apply them.

You Will be Safe on the Road

Effective brakes prevent road accidents by enabling you to stop your truck when needed. Bad brakes cause brake fade, brake fluid leaks, and brake failure. All these problems can lead to a longer stopping distance.

An increase in the stopping distance increases the chances of your truck causing an accident.

Increases Fuel Economy

Properly functioning brakes will slow down your truck efficiently, saving you money at the fuel station.

Your truck will require a lot of pressure to stop if your brakes are old, reducing fuel economy. Brake repairs will let you get the most from your truck regarding usage and general performance.

Saves You From Costly Brake Repair

When you repair your brakes in time, you will not have to do major repairs in the future. But if you take the time to repair your brakes, the entire braking system might be damaged which will be expensive to fix. Apart from needing to fix the entire braking system, other parts such as shocks, the suspension system and the entire body of your truck might suffer. Fixing all these will be costly. 

Conclusion

Usually, the braking system plays a vital role in your truck. Besides bringing your truck to a halt, braking systems are essential in controlling road accidents. The system is composed of several parts that work together. The brake pads are the ones that play a significant role in controlling the speed as well bring your truck to a halt. Their role and location expose them to a lot of friction, and the materials they are made of wear out every time.

After attaining a specific mileage, it is necessary to replace the brake pads. If you ignore replacing them, they might damage the brake rotors or even the entire braking system.

Steps to Remove Stuck Lug Nut On Truck Wheels

A stuck lug nut can be hard to crack, requiring a lot of keenness so as not to damage your rims. After reading this guide, you will know how to remove stuck lug nuts safely as part of your routine truck maintenance.

Lug nuts become stripped due to various reasons. When they are corroded and rusty, when you use the wrong socket and incorrect torque, and when trying to remove your wheel, you will realize that one or more lug nuts are stripped. If this happens, consider performing the below procedure.

Use an Extractor Socket, Breaker Bar, or Hammer

Using these tools is the best method, with an accuracy rate of 99%. Such tools are readily available in your garage. You will need a breaker bar, penetrating oil, a hammer, and a socket. Before performing this procedure, ensure your truck is parked on a flat surface. You can also use the wheel chocks if you engage the emergency brakes.

Use penetrating oil to soak the stuck lug nut, which will do away with rust covering it. After soaking it, fix the long socket and hit it using a hammer. Be cautious when doing this so that you do not hit your fingers.

After hitting severally, you can remove the socket, insert a sizable nut extractor, and hit it with a hammer.

At this point, the lug nut has started to soften. Attach your breaker bar and use a little force to remove it. 

Use a Blowtorch

Using a blowtorch is the fastest process, but not everyone has it. If you have it, you will need a wheel spanner or plier, which will help you to grab the lug nut after getting hot. When using a blowtorch, do not use oil because it might cause a fire.

Use your blowtorch to heat the nut, be cautious and heat the lug nut slowly. After it has got adequate heat, you can leave it to cool down. Repeat this until your lug nut becomes loose. The secret behind this procedure is that the wheel nut expands as it becomes hot, making it easy to remove the stuck lug nut.

Use a Grinder/Wrench

Here you will also need a penetrating oil. Never forget to let it soak to remove the rust surrounding it.

Use your grinder to make edges around the nut, enabling you to grab it with your wrench. After getting a good grip on it, use a wrench to turn it until it becomes loose.

Use a Screwdriver, Chisel, or Hammer

When all the above procedures have failed, consider doing this. First, apply penetrating oil around the stuck lug nut and give it time to soak. 

Use your chisel to push the screwdriver into the nut. Doing this will create a notch on the surface. Wedge your screwdriver into the notch and tap it using a hammer in a counterclockwise direction. Do this until the lug nut breaks loose.

Conclusion

Removing a stuck lug nut can be hectic, but with adequate knowledge provided in this guide, you can do it using some tools that are locally available in your garage. 

When Should You Replace Shock Absorbers of Your Truck

Do you ever replace shock absorbers in your truck? The shock absorber plays the role of ensuring that the wheels of your truck are in complete contact with the road. They also control the movement of the springs and suspension to offer you a smooth ride. The shock absorbers never take the entire weight of your truck. Instead, they will take the kinetic energy generated as the suspension moves and changes it into thermal energy. 

When driving under normal conditions, your shock absorbers will serve you for 50,000 miles. It is necessary to replace shock absorbers as soon as they show signs. 

Symptoms of a Bad Shock Absorber

Vibrations

The shock absorbers have valves or seals that usually wear out, and if this happens, the fluids will flow past the valves. On such an occasion, your truck will vibrate when driving.

Truck Swerving When Braking

Your truck will likely develop handling issues as the fluid flows past the seals, leading to monumental movement within the cylinder. The weight of your truck might be challenging to manage when trying to make a turn. In addition, when you apply brakes, your truck might stop further than expected.

Uneven Tire Wear

When your shocks are worn out, keeping your truck on the road becomes hard. Your truck will bounce whenever it comes into contact with an imperfect surface. An area of your tire will have typical wear, but the rest of the tire will not. It is referred to as uneven tire tread, which escalates to further handling issues. Replacing a tire with this problem will not offer a permanent solution, but check and replace shock absorbers

Increased Stopping Distance

When your shock absorbers are faulty, your truck will take time to stop when you press the brake pedals. An increased stopping distance of 20% can make a big difference when trying to avoid an accident.

Whenever you realize that your truck takes time to stop when your press the brakes, it is due to faulty shock absorbers.

Cracked Bushings

Sometimes it is necessary to perform a visual inspection on your truck and check the condition of your shock absorbers. Each shock has ends where they bolt to your truck. There are rubber bushings at these ends. The rubber bushings usually crack when the shock absorbers are faulty. When this happens, your truck will produce noise as you run over a bumpy road.

Fluid Leakages

Sometimes the seals around the shock shaft develop leakages. In such a scenario, you will see fluid running on the body of your shock absorber to the pavement. Whenever the fluids leak, the performance of your shock absorbers reduces, and they will never function normally. When this happens, you will experience handling difficulties as you drive your truck. 

Conclusion

The cost needed to replace shock absorbers varies depending on the model of your truck and the labor cost. It is necessary to know the signs of a damaged shock absorber so you can tell when to replace them.

How does a handbrake Work in a Truck – Handbrake Easily Explained

How does a handbrake work? If you do not know about that, then this guide is for you. The braking system is an essential component of a truck that reduces speed, enabling you to stop. A typical truck has two braking segments – the front and the handbrake. Everyone knows the functions of the hydraulic front brake, but what of the handbrake?

What is a Truck Handbrake?

The handbrake can be called emergency or e-brake and is either mechanical or foot-operated. The handbrake connects to the rear wheels through a metallic cable. Many think that the hydraulic power system connects the handbrake to the power terrain. Such thought makes sense because the handbrake will take your truck to a standstill, even if the hydraulic brakes fail.

In most trucks, you will find the handbrake next to the driver’s seat in between the two front seats or at the left side of the brake and gas pedals. 

How does a handbrake Work

The handbrake in a truck is made to bypass the hydraulic braking system if they fail and you critically need to bring your truck to a halt. Applying the handbrake will enhance the pulling power through the metallic cable connecting the inner and outer components. It has an equalizer whose primary role is to split the power equally between the brakes.

In many trucks, you will realize that the disc or drum brakes connect to a mechanical lever. The caliper piston is connected to an extra lever and corkscrew if it is the disc brake. If you pull the brake, the lever will force the corkscrew against the piston. In case it is a drum brake, the metallic cable is directly attached to the lever at the brake shoes.

You have already known how a handbrake works. Never apply it when the foot brake is functional because it will interfere with the brake balance, making it hard to control your truck.

Functions of a Handbrake

How does a handbrake work? Knowing how a handbrake works compels us to know its functions and whether you can use it as an alternative to the hydraulic brake. The primary role of a handbrake is to remain engaged in parking mode until you push the release button, and this will prevent your truck from rolling when parked on sloping ground.

It also comes in handy to stop your truck if the hydraulic brake system fails. When driving and you realize that your brakes have become unresponsive, consider using the handbrake.

If you have a modern truck, you will have only to use the handbrake when parking since the systems in these trucks are very efficient and reliable. Modern trucks have sophisticated mechanisms like dual-circuit hydraulics and the low-brake fluid sensor, ensuring that your braking system is operational.

Conclusion

The handbrake in a truck comes in handy occasionally, and many usually use it when parking. After taking time to read this guide, you now understand how necessary the handbrake is, especially when the hydraulic brake fails and you are in dire need of stopping your truck. Inappropriate usage of the handbrake can also be dangerous to you and other road users.

4 Symptoms of Bad Alternator System in a Truck

In this guide, we will look at how to know when you have a bad alternator in your truck. The electrical system is an integral part of your truck, which is the source of entertainment, gives you vision at night, and enables you to signal other road users. The electric system will allow your wipers to work effectively in heavy rain. There must be a power source for all these electric parts to function effectively. The alternator is the primary power producer of any truck. As the name suggests, it changes the energy from the engine to that which can be utilized by the electrical parts of your truck.

The alternator plays the role of charging the battery of your truck, and it is connected to the battery, so the battery does not run out of power. The work the alternator does stresses it, and at some point, it breaks down. This guide will focus on some symptoms that will let you know if your alternator is faulty.

4 Symptoms of a Bad Alternator

The battery warning check light on the dashboard is the most common symptom of a bad alternator, sometimes your headlight will not be stable when put on. You may also hear a funny noise from the engine. Now you know the most common signs, having an in-depth look at them will cause you no harm.

Battery Warning Light

The appearance of a battery warning light on your dashboard clearly indicates that your alternator is faulty. How will the appearance of the battery check tell you that your alternator is defective? When your ignition is on, your battery’s voltage is over 13 volts. A healthy truck battery has 12 volts, which will shoot to 14.2 when the alternator charges it. When the voltage drops to 13 volts and the ignition is on, the battery check light will appear on your dashboard.

Dim Headlight

The headlights consume a lot of power, and thus they need a lot of electricity. When they receive adequate power, they will be very bright. As your truck runs, the headlights will consume the light on the alternator. A faulty alternator will not supply adequate power to the headlights, making them not light bright.

Battery Starts to Drain Faster

You will be charging your battery regularly, but it keeps draining even if it is still healthy. When you note this, the alternator could be faulty. A faulty alternator will supply the battery with inadequate power, and other electric parts of the truck will depend on the power from the storm, which will drain it very fast.

Funny Noise from the Engine

The alternator has bearings and spinning components that are metallic. If it experiences any physical damage, your truck will produce a loud squealing or banging nose. Faulty bearings mainly cause noise in the generator. You can easily spot your truck’s alternator from the engine bay, so you can easily open it and check the cause of the noise. This is one way of knowing whether you have a bad alternator.

Conclusion

The above four are some common symptoms of a bad alternator, knowing them quickly lets you know the right area to check if you experience any of these signs. This is something that most people do not keep in mind when doing regular truck maintenance.

3 Types of Power Steering Fluid for Trucks

Power steering fluids sound simple, but there is a lot you need to know about them. This guide will let you know the different types of power steering fluid and the differences between them.

The power steering fluid was invented in1951 but was not implemented immediately. Driving the old trucks that had no power steering was cumbersome and tiring. Today, trucks have power steering, so we need not worry about hard steering wheels as long we use the correct power steering fluid.

This guide looks at three types of power steering fluid to know the right one for your truck if you need to perform refilling. A good power steering will keep your system in good condition and offer you the best driving experience.

Types of Power Steering Fluids

The market offers ATF transmission fluid, synthetic-based and universal power steering fluid. These three have different properties, so choosing the right one for your truck is necessary.

ATF Transmission Fluid

In some trucks, the transmission fluid can serve as power steering fluid. If your truck is on this list, consider using Dexron, Mercon, ATF +4, Type F and other types of transmission fluid for your power steering.

Several trucks made between 1970 and the mid-1990s will comfortably use the transmission fluid. And 1984 to 1989, Volkswagen, built in the US, also uses transmission fluid.

Synthetic-Based Hydraulic Fluid

The Synthetic-based power steering fluid is the best option for you because of its ability to flow smoothly under low temperatures. It reduces friction to enable your power steering to work smoothly. The smooth operation gives your system a long life span.

Most Japanese and European truck requires a unique transmission fluid with specific recommendations. The most preferred one is the high-performance synthetic fluids that meet ISO 7308 and DIN 51524T3 standards. Most Japanese truck makers require their customers to use power steering fluid that meets these standards.

The German-made trucks also use the power steering fluid with these specifications. The power steering fluid varies depending on the year and the model of your truck.

Universal Power Steering Fluid

The universal power steering fluid works with any power steering system. This type of power steering fluid is not selective and will suit your truck perfectly despite its brand, year of manufacture and model. It has special additives that offer various benefits. For example, the universal power steering fluids enable your system to work better by reducing friction between its components. It has properties that will allow it to seal leakages that might exist in the power steering system, prevent corrosion and reduce the rate at which the system wears out.

However, it is necessary to check the chemical compatibility of universal fluid before using it in your system. Ensure that these properties are matching for it to assist your system.

Conclusion

Various reasons, such as leakages, will compel you to change your power steering fluid. This guide has discussed three types of power steering fluid. Before buying any, take time to know the available options, and you can consult your mechanic for further assistance on the best one for your truck.

When To Replace Mini Truck Ball Joint Easily

Do you know the right time when to replace mini truck ball joint? If not, then this guide is for you. The suspension system has several components which aid it in working smoothly. Some parts of the suspension system are various joints that actively protect the truck’s body from road shocks. Ball joints stress as it balances the wheels to maximize road contact. This guide will reveal the common signs and help you better understand when to replace mini truck ball joint the easy way.

What is a Ball Joint?

A truck has two types of joints, static and dynamic joints. The static joints do not have moving parts. On the other hand, dynamic joints have moving parts. The ball joint is an example of a joint in the suspension system, and its primary role is to maximize the amount of time the tire is in contact with the driving surface. To make this practical, the ball joint will adjust the height of the wheels independently to ensure that they turn together. 

When To Replace Mini Truck Ball Joint

Here are some of the signs and things to see to know when to replace mini truck ball joint.

Your Cabin will Vibrate

Driving a truck with a vibrating Cabin is the worst experience, the occupants will never be comfortable. A common culprit to vibrating Cabin is a worn-out ball joint, which you will feel at a higher speed. It is easier for a ball joint to wear out during regular driving than a primary suspension linkage. Ball joints are easy to replace and relatively cheap.

Uneven Front Tire Wear

When the front ball joints are worn out, the suspension will play some, making your wheels come out of their alignment. Poor alignment leads to uneven tire wear. You will experience excessive wear on the inner or outer part of your tires. When you experience this, apart from performing wheel alignment, consider checking the condition of your ball joints.

Loose Steering 

A worn-out ball joint will create loose parts within your suspension system, and the entire feel of your will be affected. If you feel your truck is becoming difficult to control, it keeps going off your lanes, or you feel completely disconnected from your steering wheel, you might think of performing wheel alignment, but you must check the conditions of your ball joints.

Rattling Noise

The suspension system is made of metallic components. Whenever you hear a rattling sound from under your truck, some of these components could be loose and banging on each other as your truck is in motion. Loose ball joints are famous for causing a rattling noise. If this sound increases when you drive over bumps, you should think of checking your suspension system. If you ignore and keep using your truck, the sound will be louder, and the ball joints will wear out further.

Conclusion

If you are wondering when to replace mini truck ball joint then this guide highlights some of the things to watch out for. Failing ball joints will have several similar symptoms to other common truck problems. It is hard to be sure of what is wrong when you experience any of these signs. To be sure of what’s happening to your truck, consider consulting a professional mechanic who will do an intensive check-up to determine the problem. A failing ball joint has several negative implications on your truck.

What Causes Oil On Spark Plugs In My Truck Engine

Have you ever asked yourself what causes oil on spark plugs in a vehicle? If you have, then this guide will detail all you need to know about that. The ignition system has various components that work together to initiate combustion in the engine. Any faults or irregularities in the spark plug could cause problems in the ignition system. For a spark plug to function effectively, it has to be in a conducive environment. 

The engine has three vital liquids, oil, water, and fuel, and such liquids should not mix. If they end up mixing, your truck’s engine will likely break down or experience technical problems.

What Causes Oil On Spark Plugs

Oil is an important component of your engine. It lubricates and helps the moving parts run smoothly. When you see oil on spark plugs, it indicates oil in the combustion chamber, which might not be the best indication for your truck. Here are some of the common causes of oil on the spark plug.

Leakages on the Valve Gasket

The engine has a valve cover that fills the wells, and the spark plug has O-rings around its holes. These holes can be external or integrated with the valve gasket. Heat destroys the valve gasket, if this happens, the oil will leak into the spark plug holes. 

When your truck fails to start, check the condition of the spark plug. If you find the whole of it has oil, consider replacing the valve cover gasket and the O-rings around your spark plug.

Faulty Crankcase Ventilation

The oil at the tip of your spark plug indicates that it is coming from the combustion chamber. The existence of oil in the combustion chamber should worry you because it is a bad sign. When you have faulty crankcase ventilation, the oil will find its way into the combustion chamber and the tip of your spark plug.

The blockage on the crankcase ventilation creates a lot of pressure, leading to oil being forced into the combustion chamber. 

Faulty Turbocharger

You will observe oil on your spark plug when your turbocharger is faulty. If oil leaks from the turbo inlet compressor sealing, it will pass through the combustion chamber to the spark plug. If such happens to your truck, check the crankcase ventilation. Sometimes the intercooler and intake pipes can be filled with oil, damaging your turbocharger.

Damaged Valve Seals

The valves regulate the flow of air and fuel into the combustion chamber and allow the exhaust gases out of the combustion chamber. The valves close after adequate air and fuel have entered the chamber for all the activities to occur in the combustion chamber. The outlet valve will open to eliminate the exhaust gases from the combustion chamber. 

When the valves are faulty, the oil will quickly get into the combustion chamber. Once the oil is in the combustion chamber, it will quickly find its way into the spark plug.

Damaged Pistons

You are likely to notice oil on spark plugs when the pistons are faulty. The high speed at which the pistons operates exposes them to tear and wear.

Conclusion

The presence of oil on spark plugs should not be treated lightly because it will not enable your spark plugs to initiate combustion and the starting of the engine. Knowing the common causes of oil in the spark plug will aid you in checking specific engine parts to determine the cause.

Difference Between Long and Short Block Engine Trucks

Do you know the difference between long and short block engine? There is that truck you love very much, and it has been loyal to you for a long-time. But, age is making its engine less effective. You will have to replace the engine to bring it to life. When you shop for a new engine for the first time, you will hear some terms that might confuse you. After walking to the nearest dealer and explaining the model and make of your truck, they will ask you if you need a long block or short block engine. Hearing these terms will escalate your confusion.

Difference Between Long and Short Block Engine

Below, we will outline everything that you need on the difference between long and short block engine among other things surrounding the use of these types of engines.

A Short Block Engine

A short block engine comprises a block, crankshaft, rods, and pistons. All these parts are balanced, machined, and assembled with the gapped rings ready to rock. Sometimes, the short block can have a camshaft and timing gear, but this depends on the manufacturer.

A Long Block Engine

The long engine block varies depending on where you source it. Such an engine block has fundamental parts like crankshaft, rods, pistons, heads, and usually the camshaft and valvetrain. Sometimes the long block engine has a timing cover, valve covers, balancer, and oil pans. If you understand engines, a long block can be your best option. With this engine, all the hard work is done for you. You will only have to choose the right accessories to install the engine in your truck.

Differences Between Long Block and Short Block Engine

Both short and long blocks are perfect engines for your truck. The most significant difference is the number of parts that you get when you buy either of them. The long block will the cylinder and a good number of the internal components. On the other hand, the short block has only the lower part and the motor. Here are some of the differences between the two.

Number of Parts

The critical difference between the long and short block engines is the manufacturers’ number of parts. The short block has only the block, pistons, rods and crank. You might find some details like the timing chain, covers and camshaft.

The long block has the essential parts but added parts like the valvetrain and heads. 

Cost

The short block is relatively cheap and ranges depending on your truck’s model. You will have to purchase other parts as soon as you buy them, which will still make you spend the cash you were saving.

Installation Time

The long block comes with all you need and is ready to work. Sometimes you will have to add a few parts, which will not be challenging. Its design makes it easy to install and does not consume much time.

Customizing the short-block engine takes a lot of time, making it cumbersome to install.

Conclusion

The difference between long and short block engine is that they vary in the features that each comes with as well as the cost. But all of them, if well installed, will give you commendable service. Shared above are some of the crucial things to note about them.

Water Coming Out of Exhaust – Why Water Is Coming Out of My Truck Exhaust?

If you have experienced water coming out of exhaust, then it should ease your mind to know that you can easily know the problem. Trucks have an internal combustion engine whose by-product is exhaust gases. After complete combustion, the outlet valve of the combustion chamber will open to let the exhaust fumes into the exhaust system. The exhaust system has various components, from the engine to the tailpipe. At some point, you will observe water coming out of your tailpipe, which might signal leakages from the exhaust system. 

Water Coming Out of Exhaust

Water coming out of exhaust should not make you worry because it does not symbolize any serious issue with your truck. But it is necessary to find out the actual cause of water from the exhaust system and fix it as soon as possible. Doing this will enable you to troubleshoot your truck and fix it. Here are some of the reasons why water might come out of your exhaust system.

Hot Engine

The engine will be heated most when you start your truck for the first time in the day. The oil will flow to various parts to cool down and lubricate your engine. Before this happens, your engine and the exhaust system will be very hot. If it is cold, you will see water droplets from the tailpipe of your truck for a while before drying up.

Condensation of Water in the Engine

During combustion, your truck will produce some pollutants, such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and water vapor. When the exhaust fumes are exiting the combustion chamber, water and carbon dioxide mix as your engine is cooling down, and as this happens, you will be able to see condensed water from your exhaust pipe.

The Catalytic Converter Performing its Role

Water coming out of exhaust might not be a bad thing after all. The catalytic converter is an essential part of the exhaust system. During combustion, harmful gases are produced, and the catalytic converter has metallic components which neutralize the harmful gases by initiating chemical reactions. During such reactions, the harmful gases are reduced to an environmentally friendly substance such as water. On most occasions, the reactions in the catalytic converter make your truck produce water from the exhaust pipe.

Faulty Head Gasket 

A faulty head gasket is a serious problem for your truck which you should address as soon as possible. When your head gasket is blown, your truck will white smoke accompanied by water droplets. You will also be able to witness air bubbles in your coolant reservoir and also overheating problems.

Damaged Pistons and Rings

Damaged pistons and rings can make your truck produce water from the exhaust system. To determine this, you will see smoke accompanied by water coming out of your exhaust system. Sometimes, when this issue is worse, the smoke will be accompanied by a sweet smell. In this case, you need to stop immediately and seek mechanical assistance.

Conclusion

Having looked at some of the causes of water coming out of exhaust, we hope it helps you easily deal with it. The effects of water vapor are the most common cause of water droplets from the tailpipe. You will experience this when you start your truck on a cold morning. Sometimes, the presence of water might signal serious issues which you will have to fix for your truck to keep serving you. 

Best Time When to Replace the Battery of Your Truck

Do you know when to replace the battery of your truck? The battery is a component of your truck’s ignition and electrical system. Its primary responsibility is to supply power to ignite the engine. Apart from this, it also powers other electric components when the alternator is not functional. The tricky question is knowing when to replace the battery of your truck. It would help if you replaced your battery before your truck starts to demand a new one. There is no specific time to replace the battery of your truck. Before your battery dies, it will fail and you will experience some signs.

Signs On When to Replace the Battery of Your Truck

Your battery can let you down when you are in a hurry to leave in the morning and your truck fails to start. In such a situation jumpstarting your truck will be the best option but not a permanent solution. These are some signs that you need a new battery. 

Your Battery Struggles to Function When Weather Changes

When hot weather creeps, you might notice that your battery reacts to the changes. The reactions occur when the heat starts to evaporate water components of the internal fluids, the evaporation can corrode the internal parts of your battery.

During winter, the chemical reactions within your battery will slow down, which will drain your battery’s life. Your truck will need more energy to start because the engine oil will be moving slowly. The new battery can withstand extreme weather changes.

Your Truck Has Been at the Parking Yard for too Long

If your truck has been parked for a long time, the chances of getting its battery dead are very high. Your driving pattern influences the lifespan of your battery, most people think that frequent driving reduces the lifespan of a truck’s battery, but the opposite is true.

As you drive, the alternator charges your battery, which means that when your truck is left in the parking lot for a long time, its battery will drain. If you have several cars and rarely use your truck, consider test-driving it for 30 minutes to recharge the battery.

You Experience a Hard Starting

When your battery fails, the engine will take a long time to crank when starting your truck. Hard starting is an imminent indication that your battery is dying. If you experience this, take your truck for inspection since other mechanical issues can result in starting failures.

Battery Check Light

Having an old battery can trigger a battery check light on the dashboard. Thanks to several sensors that modern trucks have. An average battery lasts for three years. Some might be powerful to serve you longer, but it will depend on your driving patterns, the area’s climate, and the type of truck. In such a situation, the only warning you will receive is the battery check light on the dashboard. 

Conclusion

A truck battery is a component that should never fail. Knowing some signs it shows when starting to fail will save you to replace it earlier before it dies. There is no accurate time to replace and get a new battery. Performing a regular check on it is essential. 

How A Radiator Works to Cool a Truck Engine

Do you know how a radiator works? If not, then this is the guide that you should look out for to understand how it functions. The entire cooling system is under the hood and works to prevent the engine from overheating. The engine becomes hot as it functions. If it is not cooled, your engine can seize.

What is a Radiator?

Before we get to know how a radiator works, let’s first get to know what it is. The engine burns fuel and air to generate energy. In this process, heat is generated. Cooling the heat produced prevents the engine from getting damaged.

The radiator eliminates heat from the engine. The process of cooling starts with the thermostat which detects excess heat. After the thermostat has detected heat, the cooling system releases the coolant and water from the radiator, which moves throughout the engine to absorb heat. 

The hot coolant from the engine moves to the radiator through the hoses. The radiator has a fan that blows air to cool down the hot coolant from the engine. 

The radiator has thin metal fins, enabling heat to escape outside the truck. The fins work hand in hand with the fan that blows air across the radiator. 

Parts of a Radiator

The radiator has a few components that enable it to function effectively.

The Core

The core is a metal block that is the biggest part of the radiator. At this part, the heat from the coolant is released and gets cooled down before being released to the engine through the hoses.

The Pressure Cap

A pressure cap seals the cooling system and ensures that it is pressurized. The pressurizing prevents the coolant from boiling and maintains the system’s efficiency.

Inlet and Outlet Tanks

These are where the coolant flows in and out of the radiator. The inlet and outlet are located at the head of the radiator. The inlet tank allows hot air to flow into the radiator as the outlet tanks release excellent coolant, which flows back to the engine.

How A Radiator Works to Cool a Truck Engine

The primary function of the radiator is to provide a large surface area for hot coolant for the heat to be dissipated effectively. The hot coolant gets into the radiator from the inlet tank, and there are core tubes in the radiator.

The core tubes run through fins which are numerous small sheets. The fins increase the surface area for the dispersion of heat. The radiator is located in front of the engine behind the grille or where there is adequate airflow. 

As the truck is in motion, the cool air will get into the radiator fins through the grille, dissipating heat from the coolant. The primary role of the fan is to ensure that the cool air moves over the radiator when your truck is moving slowly or not in motion, but the engine is running.

Conclusion

For your truck’s engine to function correctly, it requires a working radiator and a cooling system. The radiator relies on various parts to work effectively. In most trucks, the radiator is located in front of the engine or in an area that receives a lot of air. Its location matters because the radiator solely depends on cool air to cool down the engine and prevent it from overheating. Failure of any of these parts can result in engine overheating. 

Differences Between AWD And 4WD Trucks

Do you know the differences between AWD and 4WD trucks? If not, then this guide is for you. The 4WD and AWD are trucks whose transmission system sends power to all the wheels. Such kinds of trucks are reliable and powerful. But is there any notable difference between 4WD and AWD? After reading this guide, you will find a concrete answer to that.

Differences between AWD And 4WD Trucks

In this guide, we will be looking at the similarities as well as the differences between AWD and 4WD trucks.

All-Wheel Drive Truck

In an AWD truck, the power from the engine powers all the wheels. The AWD has two types of drivetrains. One that drives all the wheels continuously or full-time AWD. The second one is the part-time AWD or automatic AWD.

Full-Time AWD

In full-time AWD, both front and rear axles receive power from the engine. The torques are controlled depending on the nature of the driving surface. The torque variation makes it handle better in any kind of terrain.

Part-Time AWD

The part-time AWD transmission will send torque to only two driven wheels, either the rear or the front wheels. The part-time AWD will automatically engage all the wheels whenever the road demands extra traction. It has a series of sensors that senses the driving terrain to enable it to engage the AWD system

Pros And Cons of AWD

When driving an AWD truck, you will not need to do anything to engage the wheels. All the wheels receive full-time power, or the system will change the torque automatically depending on the driving terrain. The AWD system is computer controlled, and the decision it will make is better than that made by human beings.

The AWD system can never take extreme off-roading or rock crawling. The AWD might not offer you the full fun if you love serious adventure.

Another disadvantage of AWD is the consumption of more fuel. The engine will burn more fuel to produce energy for all four wheels.

4WD Truck

The 4WD is the traditional system that is known to almost everybody. The typical Truck with 4WD has high ground clearance, a shielded underbody, and very big tires. But currently, the engineering technology of 4WD has advanced to provide luxury and comfort beside the 4WD capabilities. There are two types of 4WD, the full-time and part-time 4WD.

Full-Time 4WD

The full-time 4WD transmission operates the same way AWD operates, and all the wheels continuously receive power from the engine. Such type of 4WD sends power to all the wheels by default.

Part-Time 4WD

The part-time 4WD is the traditional 4WD and common in most trucks that work in extreme conditions. Most part-time 4WD trucks are rear-wheel drive by default.

Pros and Cons of 4WD

The main advantage of 4WD is that you will be confident when driving in adverse conditions. They can handle rugged terrain and crawl on rocks. They are also good for towing loads.

The off-road control enables trucks to maintain a set speed under five miles per hour as you off-road. The technology enables the driver to get through any obstacle.

The main disadvantage of 4WD transmission is its poor ride quality, which is due to the heavy-duty suspension. It also consumes a lot of fuel.

Conclusion,

The 4WD and the AWD are almost similar, but differences arise from their level of aggressiveness. The 4WD can handle tougher roads and terrains as compared to the AWD. 

Best Way To Get Truck Battery to Last Longer

If you are looking for a way to get truck battery to last longer, then this guide is for you. It becomes stressful when the battery of your truck goes flat abruptly. Several factors, like harsh weather conditions and how you use your truck, can affect the lifespan of your battery. You can prevent your battery from running flat. An average truck battery should last between three to five years of service. To avoid changing your battery every one or two years, check this guide and practice these simple methods.

How to Get Truck Battery to Last Longer

Here are some of the best-proven ways that you can be sure to get truck battery to last longer.

Always Test the voltage of Your Battery

A regular check on the voltage of your battery will save you from battery failure when on the road. Professional mechanics does battery checks, but there is a device you can use to check the voltage of your battery at home. 

A voltmeter is a device you can use to check the voltage of your battery at home. The digital voltmeters give very accurate readings. For good records, consider testing the voltage of your battery when your truck has been turned off for 12 hours.

To use a voltmeter, connect the positive lead to the positive terminal of your battery, then connect the negatives. After connection, the voltmeter will be able to read. The readings will be 12.4 and 12.8 volts when your battery is fully charged. If the readings are way below 12, consider calling a professional to inspect your battery.

Your Truck Should Not Spend Much Time Parked

The battery will not have time to charge when your truck spends more time in the parking lot. The battery will perform optimally when your truck is driven more regularly. It is necessary to take your truck out for a drive for not less than 30 minutes to warm up the engine and circulate the fluids.

If your truck sits for weeks, your battery will need attention when you want to use it. Always ensure it has a full charge and the level of electrolytes is correct.

Clean Your Battery Regularly

Dirt, dampness, and grime can cause leakages on the battery, which might lead to short-circuit. You can use a sponge to remove the grime and other impurities on the surface of your battery. 

The battery terminals and the clamps are prone to corrosion. Corrosion on such surfaces hinders current circulation. To give your battery a longer life, consider cleaning it to remove such impurities. When your truck is being serviced, you can tell your mechanic to clean the battery for you.

Never Use Electronic Accessories When the Engine is Off

Keeping the lighting system on or using the infotainment when your engine is off can drain your battery. When the engine is off, the alternator is not working, and the electrical system will drain power from the battery. 

Always check to ensure that all the electric components are off before leaving your truck. When leaving your truck, ensure it is locked. Doing this is for safety purposes, and also it will close the computerized system of your truck.

Conclusion

The battery should give you full service, but its lifespan varies depending on how you use your truck. After reading this guide, you will be able to know how get truck battery to last longer. Some of these pointers should be adhered to just the way you do your regular truck maintenance.

5 Things that Destroy Your Truck

In this guide, we will be covering some of the things that destroy your truck with the help of guiding you on how to get it to last longer. Your truck will start getting damaged the moment you take it from the showroom and drive it, and some habits like careless driving accelerate damage to your truck. Such practices expose you to high bills when you take your truck for repairs. Most drivers shorten the life span of their trucks deliberately. This guide will show you some things that destroy your truck yet you may not know.

5 Things that Destroy Your Truck

Here are some of the crucial things that you need to keep in mind to ensure that your truck will last longer.

Skipping Oil Change

Engine oil serves the purpose of protecting your engine. It cools, lubricates, and cleans the engine. As it performs these roles, it will become dirty and fail to be effective. The oil filter ensures that clean oil goes to the engine by trapping particles that might contaminate the engine. The filter gets clogged with time, making it impossible for oil to pass. It is important to do an oil change regularly.

A clogged filter triggers the bypass to protect the engine from starving. When the bypass valve is activated, the engine will receive unfiltered oil, which can cause severe damage to it. Your truck might start to burn oil as soon as its engine starts to become old. This will require you to check oil levels more often.

Driving on Low Gas Tank

Regular driving when your fuel tank is low can cause long-term damage to your truck. The sediments will start to accumulate in your tank with time. If your gas level does not go too low, this is fine. But when you drive on an empty gas tank, the fuel will be drained from the bottom of your tank, and the fuel pump may pick these harmful sediments that might be trapped along the fuel system or even the engine. The accumulation of deposits can damage your engine and the fuel system.

Rapid braking and Acceleration

Rapid acceleration and braking push your truck to its limits, damaging the drivetrain. Sudden braking wears out the brake pads, and they overheat, reducing their effectiveness.

Aggressive driving interferes with brake rotors, and wheel bearings, the turbo will start making noise, and your transmission system will also slip. All these lead to hefty bills when you take your truck for repairs.

Not Using Parking Brakes

The parking brake is also called the emergency brake, and most truck owners associate it with manual transmission. If your truck is automatic transmission and you put it into parking, a lock feature called parking pawl will be engaged. Parking without an engaging parking brake makes the weight of your truck rest on a single piece of the transmission system. The parking brake will engage the braking system to hold the entire truck.

Ignoring Various Warnings

When crucial parts of your truck start to wear out, there are warnings and signs that you will feel as you drive. Assuming these warnings cause further damage, which becomes costly to repair or can sometimes lead to an engine overhaul.

Conclusion

The lifespan of your truck depends on how you use and take care of it. If you are a little bit careless, you will spend more money repairing it, or even it might end up being rendered unroadworthy. 

Why Engine Coolant is Crucial for Truck Health

Many people, especially first-time truck owners, do not know what an engine coolant is and its role in your engine. Ignorance makes new truck owners not develop an interest in this vital engine fluid. Coolant is one of the fluids necessary for your engine’s good health.

What is An Engine Coolant?

The internal combustion engine burns a mixture of air and fuel in the cylinders. As combustion takes place, a lot of heat is generated. Heat is also generated when the engine’s metallic parts are in motion and constantly rub against each other. 

The coolant plays the primary role of transferring the heat from the engine to ensure that the engine does not overheat. The coolant runs through the engine, similar to engine oil. It is necessary to ensure that your coolant does not boil or freeze because heat can only be transferred by liquid. When the coolant evaporates or freezes, it will not be able to reach all the parts of the engine, which might make some metallic parts of the engine start melting.

Why Engine Coolant is Crucial for your Truck

The engine coolant is in the form of a mixture of antifreeze and water in the radiator and acts as the air conditioner of your engine. It regulates your engine’s temperature in severe weather conditions, when it is too hot or cold, which prevents your engine from breaking down due to overheating or freezing.

Your truck’s cooling system has water and antifreeze in a ratio of 50/50. This rule may vary depending on the weather condition in which you regularly use your truck. Different weather conditions might lead to variation in the water and coolant mixture ratio. Such a variation aims to optimize the amount of heat from the engine. For example, the ambient temperature will force the engine coolant to adjust the mixing ratio by either reducing the freezing point or increasing the boiling point to harmonize the mixture, depending on the weather. 

When to Change Engine Coolant

Most coolants will serve you for a very long time before requiring a replacement. Even if you own an old truck, you only need to worry about the coolant after 12 months of service. In modern trucks, the same coolant will serve you for 5 to 10 years. 

It would help if you considered flushing your coolant based on the manufacturer’s timing. It is necessary to read the manufacturer’s guide to know when to do this. Sometimes the cooling system might develop leakages, or the engine might malfunction. You will need to repair your engine and the cooling system in such scenarios. When performing such repairs, you will need to check the condition of your coolant. Always check the manufacturer’s guide to know when and which type of coolant is fit for your truck. 

Conclusion

The engine produces a lot of heat as it functions. The heat can damage vital parts of the engine by melting them or breaking. The coolant plays the role of cooling the engine just like a radiator by absorbing the excess heat.

Signs Of Broken Coil Springs in Your Truck

Do you know what signs to look for when you have broken coil springs? A truck’s suspension has various parts that enable it to work efficiently. The coil spring is one of the essential parts of the suspension system. Their primary role is to absorb shock, and you will have a smooth ride when your truck’s suspension system can adequately absorb shock.

Signs Of Broken Coil Springs in Your Truck

The coil spring and leaf springs have similar roles. They both offer a riding height, which is why you will find both in most trucks. The coil springs are made of round metallic wires, wound into a helix shape having gaps between each other. The coil springs convert the motion of torque to elastic potential energy, which will provide support again. Their role exposes them to a lot of stress which wears them out with time. Here are some of the signs of broken coil springs.

Noise When Turning the Steering

When the coil spring of your truck is broken or is getting into contact with the body of your truck, you will hear a noise when turning the steering wheel. Sometimes, the spring can lay against the chassis instead of the top mount bearing. If such happens, you will experience a high bouncing noise when turning.

Rattling Noise

When the coil springs are broken, you will experience unusual noises, which increase the more you ignore them. The noise becomes worse when you accelerate or drive on rough terrain.

Uneven Tire Wear

The suspension system plays the role of balancing your wheels and tires as you drive your truck. Your tires should receive an equal amount of wear as they rotate. Your truck’s alignment changes as the coil springs start to wear out. If this happens, you will realize that your tire treads have premature wearing, which can cause severe handling issues. Your tires can blow out if you never inspect them regularly. 

Too Much Bounce

The coil springs prevent your truck from excessive bouncing whenever you hit a bump. When the springs are broken, they will not be able to prevent bounciness from happening. Your truck will be shaky when driving, which might be worse when driving on a dusty road or uneven terrain. Controlling your truck will not be easy if the bounciness becomes too much.

Sagging Corner

If your coil spring is broken, the corner it stands at will start sagging. It is easy to observe one of the corners of your truck is sitting lower than the others. The stability of your truck will be affected by the sagging. It will lead to other symptoms, such as uneven tire wear and noises.

Conclusion

A good coil spring will give your truck stability and a smooth ride. Several factors, such as poor driving and regular driving on rough surfaces, can break your coil springs. When they are broken, your truck will not drive smoothly the way it used to. The above are some signs your truck will have when they have broken coil springs and need some replacement or maintenance. Driving with broken coil springs is risky to you and other road users. If you realize they are faulty, consider replacing them as soon as possible.